An Analytical Study of Practising Method Towards Vedana (Feeling) in Theravada Buddhist Scriptures
This research has 3 purposes; 1) to study Vedana (feeling) in the Theravada Buddhist Scriptures, 2) to study Dhamma relevant to Vedana in the Theravada Buddhist Scriptures, and 3) to analyze the practice towards Vedana in the Theravada Buddhist Scriptures. This study documentary research started from collecting primary information from Mahachulalongkornrajavidtayalaya University Buddhist Scriptures (in Thai language) printed in 1996, Adtakata, Dheega and Pakornwiset. In addition, relevant textbooks, books, and researches were studied as sources of secondary information. Collected information and knowledge were analyzed, synthesized and summarized in order to bring understanding and most beneficial applicable of the knowledge. Finally, the research results and suggestion were presented in descriptive text. From the study, it is found that; Vedana means feeling, which is originated from 3 factors, where (1) outer sense-objects meet (2) inner sense with (3) object consciousness. The phenomenon is called Phassa or the cause of Vedana. There are 3 forms of Vedana; pleasant, painful, and indifferent feelings mentally or physically. The natures of Vedana are under Tilakkhana (the Three Characteristics); 1) Aniccata which is impermanence, 2) Dukkhata which is state of suffering, and 3) Anattata which is a state of not being self and cannot control as desired. The Doctrinal principles causing Vedana are 3 Tanha, 3 Akusala-mula, 5 Nivarana and 8 Loka-dhamma. The Doctrinal principles extinguishing Vedana are Sati, Sampajañña, khanti, Viriya, Yonisomanasikara, Samadhi, Jhana, 4 Satipatthana, 7 Bhojjhanga, the Noble Eightfold Path, 10 Sañña and 10 Anussati. Practising method towards Vedana is the development of Doctrinal principles which extinguish Vedana such as Sati, sampajañña, khanti and Yonisomanasikara. In addition, to give up the doctrines that case Vedana, persist in self and Vedanas, and practice rightly according to the natural law is the principle of “Paticcasamuppada”, which is the way to cause happiness in life.
Keywords: Vedana (Feeling), practising method, Theravada Buddhist