Thai Buddhists’ Motivation to Pilgrimage
at Four Buddhist Holy Places
The objectives of this quantitative research were to study and compare Thai Buddhists’ internal and external motivation to pilgrimage at four Buddhist holy places, and to study Thai Buddhists’ opinions and suggestions towards the pilgrimage. The samples of this research were 400 Thai Buddhists who traveled to four Buddhist holy places; the Buddha’s birth place, the Buddha’s enlightenment place, the Buddha’s first sermon place and the Buddha’s pass away place. The instrument used for gathering data was Likert attitude scale. The collected data were statistically analyzed for percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, one-way ANOVA and LSD to compare differences between paired means. The findings showed that 1) Thai Buddhists’ motivation level towards intrinsic and extrinsic motivations are generally both at the highest level at x̄ = 4.30, S.D.= 0.47 and = 4.39, S.D. = 0.49. When considering each aspect, it was found that the extrinsic motivation towards the first sermon place is at the high level at x̄ = 4.19, S.D.= 0.59, while other aspects were at the highest level. For the intrinsic motivation, it was generally at the highest level for all aspects at x̄ = 4.30 – 4.59, S.D. = 0.53 - 0.61. 2) The comparative study among different genders, ages, education levels, abroad pilgrimage experiences, occupations and incomes, it was found that there were significantly differences in motivation at level 0.05 in all aspects. 3) For the opinions, it was found that 43.75 percent of Thai Buddhists believed that they will not go to hell when they died if they have been pilgrimaged in four Buddhist holy places. For suggestions, 44.75 percent of Thai Buddhists suggested that the shorter trip will be more preferable as of the too long journey made them too tired for travelling, and 11.75 percent did not want to participate in any deafening activities around the holy places.
Keywords : Motivation, internal and external motivation, Thai Buddhists pilgrimage, Buddhist four holy places.